Sunday, November 7, 2010

Fuel-Cell Mystery

by Atif Abbas

In order to make our lives comfortable and secure, we have to discipline ourselves - have to educate ourselves at every age group. This should be applicable in every walk of life, in every hour of life - by this we can work in a stress free environment. If we don't think about this, our future generation will also suffer - I am talking from eating habits to greeting a person to driving on the highway.

If you notice some of the things around us are neglected by people like you see cars parked in no discipline, people driving with high beam, honking without any reason, people smoking in a non-smoking zone - for all these, sign boards are installed. But did you ever notice what the signs represent or why the sign says, do this or don't do that. I know you will say, 'for safety' but you ever thought that most of us don't even know the meaning of sign boards rather aren’t aware of all the signs.

You be thinking the name of article is fuel-cell mystery and where we are heading. Well, I am taking you to text written (in red) at fuel stations (and also in cell phone manuals), Switch off your cell phone. So, you ever thought why you should switch off your cell phone. That’s why I talk about educating ourselves.

Rumors that cell phones caused explosions at fuel stations are the reason of warning people to avoid its usage at the stations. Members of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) tell that a GSM phone’s electromagnetic field can not ignite petrol vapors because its not strong enough to do so. 

Cell phone manufacturers and carriers hold responsible counterfeit batteries in context of overheating; agency spokesman of Consumer Product Safety Commission (SPSC), Scott Wolfson said, “There needs to be high-quality batteries for these cell phones. You have a lot of power in a very small product, so it’s really key”. President of California-based Wireless Consumers Alliance Carl Hilliard said, “If you’re cramming more and more power in a small space, what you’re making is a small bomb”.

Petroleum Equipment Institute (PEI) after investigating explosions (especially while refueling) found that static electricity is the reason. Static electricity expert Steve Fowler says, "Most people, when they pull up to the fuel station, are not thinking about static electricity”. While refueling, those drivers who get back into their vehicle mostly faced explosion because they put up static charge. “You're rubbing your clothes on the seat, and you can see there's a lot of rubbing going on, and as you stand, you are giving yourself a high voltage potential." - a phenomena similar to rubbing your hand on a quilt. And when the driver touches the nozzle a spark generates, which ignites vapors coming out. Fowler says, "The main thing to do is get away, if you have people in the car, get them out. Leave the nozzle alone, do not touch that and do not pull it out." otherwise, flames spread rapidly.

Keep in perspective that in Pakistan, one has the luxury of serviceman at the station to refuel. Although one can discharge oneself by touching the door of the car but in foreign countries to educate people, nozzle makers put static fire warnings on all new nozzles whereas fuel stations place warning pads to discharge static by touching.

For safe refueling, PEI surfaced three rules: first always turn off your engine; second, while refueling don't smoke and (thirdly) never re-enter your automobile.

Now the question arises why then cell phone manufacturers warn their products usage at the fuel station in the user manual?

Product-makers have to be careful against lawsuits - they take safety measures and warn about products usage in certain conditions like potentially explosive atmosphere. In case of battery-operated equipment, British government requires a label warning about spark igniting fuel vapors. Therefore, to meet government’s requirement cell phone manufacturers add the warning in user manuals.

Image Courtesy: MS-Office 2000

Monday, September 27, 2010

1977 Yamaha DT100 Enduro

Trail bike (road oriented)
Model: 1977
Engine Type: two stroke, air cooled 100 cc
Cylinder Arrangement: vertical single
Port: one piston-controlled intake, one exhaust
Gearbox: 5 speed, left foot shift
Ignition Type: magneto (coil)
Starting System: kick (in neutral only)
Charging System: flywheel magneto
Lighting System: 6V alternator
Lubrication System: autolube
Instrumentation: speedometer
Primary Transmission: gear
Final Transmission: chain
Front Brake: drum
Rear Brake: drum
Front Tyre Dimensions: 2.75-19
Rear Tyre Dimensions: 3.00-18

Wednesday, February 24, 2010


‘Inability is a disaster; patience is bravery; abstinence is a treasure; self-restraint is a shield; and the best companion is submission to Divine Will’. – Hazrat Ali (RA).

Image courtesy: Nevit Dilmen

Monday, January 25, 2010

Library at a Political Party

by Atif Abbas
December 02, 2009

"To foster research, Insaf Research Wing may build its own library – Insaf Digital Library (IDL)."

A library provides base for knowledge - knowledge and information provide groundwork for research. To foster research, Insaf Research Wing (IRW) may build its own library, Insaf Digital Library. IRW requires facts and data – therefore, IDL will be its databank.

Politics & Knowledge

The word ‘Politics’ comes from the Greek word ‘polis’ meaning city-state. The Greek word ‘Politikos’ describes anything concerning the state or city affairs. In Latin, this was ‘politicus’ and in French ‘politique’. Thus, in English it became politics: art and science of government. Governing affairs of the state require knowledgeable and wise men; to educate our generations, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) will establish libraries in the country whereas IRW may establish its digital library.

The library will be helpful for investigation and exploration of issues to be researched in IRW; members of PTI will enrich it with features, research papers, scholarly work, case studies, journals, reports etc. Their contribution to the library may lead them to research for IRW. By collection of information, foundation of knowledge will be laid.


IRW will not only contribute to IDL but also get subscriptions of journals-newsletters and memberships of research institutions. In this way, wing can interact with people in research around the globe and share concepts.

Through IDL and IRW, tradition of knowledge sharing and custom of research will develop in the political party. Hence, wing can reach a status where people would think to subscribe to its publications; a newsletter may also be produced.

Web-Management Team & IDL

Web-management team of PTI can develop the structure of IDL to maintain files of the library in corresponding sections by deciding suitable technology. The team can propose game plan for subscription procedure of publications (e.g. newsletter) of IRW.

IDL: The Process

Information (news) from various sources of PTI and publications of IRW reach web-management team and they publish on the website. For IDL, members of PTI [IRW, ISF, web-management team…] rather anyone can contribute; the files will be forwarded to IRW. The wing will send upon selecting the file(s) to web-management team for uploading on IDL.

By this, any person can make use of IDL whereas IRW will have its database in the form of library.

The author is a member of Insaf Research Wing (IRW) - PTI; he contributed documents to web-management team & IRW for the library.
Image Courtesy: MS-Word 2000